THE ENERGY SECTOR IN ASTURIAS

The clear industrial nature of Asturias is closely linked to the energy-industry
binomial. One of the reasons it has developed a competitive

heavy industry has been its ability to rely upon its energy supply to undertake iron and steel industry activities and to transform materials such as aluminium, steel, zinc and glass.

industry in Asturias

The relevance of industry in Asturias, in particular the metal sector, capital goods manufacturing, naval goods, electrical components and facilities, etc.), is heavily connected to the manufacturing skills required to construct large facilities from the petroleum and gas sector, marine wind power energy, thermo-electrical generation, etc.

The energy production in 2015 represented 6.75 % of the regional gross value added, constituting the second branch of the industrial sector after steel and iron industry activity.

747

MILION EUROS

Thermo-electric generation facilities

547

MILION EUROS

Electrical transport and distribution infrastructures

394

MILION DE EUROS

Transport and gas generation infrastructures

748

Milion euros
Renewable energy generation facilities

152

MILION EUROS

Activities in the field of energy savings and efficiency

Taking advantage of business opportunities deriving from the development and implementation of large energy facilities on a world scale.

1

Asturias is a benchmark in the field of electrical energy within the Peninsular System, with 4.5% of installed power in 2015, 4% of the demand and 6.3 % of net generation, with a clear electro-intensive profile.

2

Nationally, the average consumption per capita is around 5.6 MWh/year, whilst in Asturias that parameter reaches values of 9.9 MWh/year.

3

The clear predominance of coal in the structure of primary energy consumption (over 65 % as a result of the high rate of thermo-electrical generation and the iron and steel industry application of coke).

4

Reliable and flexible transportation network, essential for meeting the high surges of electrical consumption as well as the high density of generator facilities.

5

Final energy consumption In asturias by sector 2014:

17,6% Residential, Services y Primary

18,4% Transport

64,0% Industry

features of the sector

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The primary energy consumption structure in Asturias is vastly different to the national structure. Coal is the most demanded energy source in Asturias, with a total weighting of 60.7 % in 2014. The region is characterised by its industry of exploitation, transformation and end use of coal.

CONSUMPTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY IN ASTURIAS 2014

Regarding the regional final energy consumption in 2014, there was an annual decline of -0.3 %, the most demanded final energy sources being coal and its derivatives.

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN ASTURIAS 2014

Considering the final consumption of energy by industrial sector in 2014, this parameter decreased with an annual variation rate of -4.8 %, focusing on industries with a high use of energy.

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR IN INDUSTRIES IN ASTURIAS 2014

ENERGY PRODUCTION

Regional primary production in 2014 was characterized by an increase in coal production and a decline in renewable energy participation –a variation rate of -6.2 % with respect to the previous year- due mainly to a decline in hydraulic production.

PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY IN ASTURIAS 2014

Regarding electrical generation, Asturias has huge productive capacity, 1,206 ktep in 2014, the equivalent of 14,025 GWh. The production of electricity from renewable sources decreased its percentage to 25.9 % of the regional total of electricity.

ELECTRICITY GENERATION (GWh) IN ASTURIAS 2014

Source: Energy in Asturias 2014, FAEN

education

The University of Oviedo offers new degrees adapted to the European Area for higher education with qualification that cover most areas of knowledge. Some 30 % of its more than 22,000 registered students are following technical courses.

The Cluster of Energy, the Environment and Climate Change at the University of Oviedo drive forward R&D&i in fields such as clean energy (generation, transport and storage) and energy efficiency.

The following Degrees from the University of Oviedo related to the energy sector are noteworthy:

  • Erasmus Mundus Masters Course in Sustainable Transport and Electric Power Systems
  • Master’s Degree in Electrical Energy Conversion and Power Systems
  • Master’s Degree in Energy Engineering

Approved Vocational Training with 17,000 registered students, more than the 35 % in technical degrees, completes the technical qualification of the Asturian workforce, combining theoretical training with work experience in companies.

innovation & technology

technology centres, r&d&i institutions, clusters

Did you know that Asturias
produces surplus energy? Asturias is a
purely exporting region for electrical
energy, exporting 37% of its net power
generation in 2015.

Did you know that the IDEPA has
published a regional call for financial aid
for R&D projects in international
cooperation in the field of ocean energy?
It is an initiative set within the framework
of the Oceanera-Net network.

renewable energies in Asturias

Asturias positions itself within the direction taken by Europe with the aim of achieving savings and energy efficiency objectives.

The regional energy strategy takes into account the promotion of renewable energies and the development of activities in the field of savings and energy efficiency.

The contribution of renewable energy to the primary energy consumption structure in 2014 was 569.92 ktep, an amount which covered 9.5 % of the regional primary consumption and which represented a variation rate of -5.7 % when compared to the previous year.

HYDRAULIC

TThe Principality of Asturias has 40 hydraulic facilities with an installed power of 777.9 MW. Electrical energy from hydraulic origin in 2014 was 13 % below that in 2013, as a result of more adverse weather conditions.

WIND POWER

The region has 19 wind power parks and an installed potential of 518.5 MW. The production of wind power electrical energy in 2014 was 0.1 % below that in 2013. Asturias can offer powerful skills in manufacturing key components for the wind turbine industry.

MARINE WIND POWER AND OCEAN ENERGY POWER

The regional government has included marine renewable energies in its regional Intelligent specialisation strategy (RIS3), showing its clear backing for using waves as an energy resource associated with the region’s favourable support for the development of this activity.
Numerous companies in Asturias already provide services and products in the supply chain of renewable marine energies, developing research activity, development and innovation, as well as component manufacturing activities, mainly in the sphere of offshore energy.

BIOMASS

One of the greatest yet relatively unexplored potentials in Asturias is that of forestry biomass.

With regards to facilities that generate electricity from biomass, the power of the region’s plants increased thanks to the implementation of a co-generation power plant using the biomass Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system, with the region’s total installed biomass power in 2014 reaching 78.0 MW.

The ENCE company in Asturias has the largest electrical generation power plant with biogas in Spain, with an installed power of 77 MW.

The Factory mainly uses forestry biomass waste and waste produced from the manufacturing of paper pulp to generate energy.

Regarding thermal generation from biomass, in 2014 28 biomass boilers were set up in the residential sector, increasing the total installed power to 46.3 MW.
Asturias also has a plant for capturing and exploiting biogas energy produced in non-hazardous waste sites with a power of 9.0 MW.

SOLAR

In 2014 new photovoltaic power plants were set up, ending the year with a total installed power (taking into account both connected and isolated) of 1,020.2 kWp. Furthermore, 37 solar‑thermal installations were made, attaining 36,500 m2 of solar‑thermal plaques.

unique infrastructures

University de Oviedo

The University of Oviedo provides companies with collaborative
mechanism in order to develop R&D&I projects in their specific
fields of energy. It has different departments which collaborate with
Technological Centres and companies, participating in European
projects and networks from the international sphere.

INCAR. OVIEDO NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF COAL, SCIENTIFIC
RESEARCH CENTRE

It has the ideal infrastructure for graphene synthesis using top-down technology and chemical techniques from graphite, with the aim of its application in various areas such as energy storage.

INCAR has developed technology based on the capture of CO2 based on carbonation cycles, being tested on a pilot level at the fluidized bed plant in Pereda, generating 1.7 MW of power.

Supporting infrastructure for offshore industry

The Asturian Energy foundation, FAEN, has developed the study of the current and potential Capacities of Offshore industry in Asturias. The following Asturias-based infrastructures are particularly noteworthy:

  • There are up to 18 maritime ports in the region capable of being base
    ports for operational and maintenance work for offshore plants.
  • The Port of Gijón, the national leader in the transport of solid bulk, and the Port of Avilés are strategically located (at just some 40 hours from the North Sea) and are capable of housing manufacturing operations, assembly and the supply of components and equipment. They also have infrastructures to  facilitate operations such as the transportation of towers for wind turbines or the unloading of offshore platforms to marine wind power parks.
  • The Asturias Area of Logistical and Industrial Activities (ZALIA). Industrial land of Public Advocacy near the Ports of Gijón and Avilés.
  • The Jovellanos Integral Maritime Security Centre. It has facilities specialising in the practice of maritime security, survival, the fight against pollution, and rescue in diverse scenarios of working at height and in confined spaces as well as training in fire fighting and in structures as well as in fires in petrochemical plants.
  • Company Support. The marked presence in Asturias of companies
    belonging to the metal, energy and naval sector weaves an industrial fabric with experience and material and human capacities to contribute solutions to the supply chain of marine energy on a worldwide level.

succes stories

The pulp mill in Navia in Asturias is the mill with the largest production
capacity belonging to the ENCE group and the most efficient pulp mill on
the European eucalyptus market.

The mill production capacity is 500,000 tonnes/year of high quality ECF eucalyptus pulp. ENCE Navia has the largest biomass generation plant in Spain.

ENCE

Leader in sectors such as renewable energy and boiler-making, the
company has been conceded important international contracts in the marine wind power business. The Windar Renovables group company that manufactures wind towers for wind turbines and offshore establishments is participating in the largest offshore energy project ever awarded to Spain, allocated to the marine wind power park in the Baltic Sea.

TSK

Leading business Group in engineering, construction, assembly and implementation of electrical power plants with open cycle and combined cycle technologies, cogeneration, wind power parks, thermo-solar and
photovoltaic power plants, hydraulic and biomass plants. The company has
constructed some of the largest photovoltaic and thermo-solar power plants in the world in countries such as Spain, the USA, France, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Morocco, Egypt and South Africa.

Saint-Gobain has an industrial centre in Asturias, where it develops glass for construction (Saint-Gobain Glass) and glass for automotive purposes (Saint-Gobain Sekurit).

The company has a Research Centre in Asturias (Aviles R&D Centre) which has worked on projects such as the development of glass for solar energy and highly innovative glass fusion procedures.