It recorded a stock of Foreign Direct Investment of 16,352 million euros at the end of 2017
Asturias occupies the fourth position among the autonomous communities in foreign productive investment in Spain, according to last data collected in the Register of Foreign Investments of the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness.
Specifically, our region recorded a stock of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of 16,352 million euros at the end of 2017, 4.1% of the Spanish total.
Spain is one of the main recipients of foreign investment worldwide. The total position of FDI in Spain in terms of accumulated stock stood at 659,000 million dollars (592,280 million euros) at the end of 2018, according to the latest data from the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) in June 2019. This means that Spain ranked as the fourteenth recipient economy.
The stock of productive FDI already represents 46.2% of Spanish GDP, the second highest ratio after that of the United Kingdom among the five main European countries.
Exports and foreign affiliates in Spain
Foreign affiliates in Spain play a fundamental role in exports. They account for 44% of total Spanish exports and 38% of business R&D expenditure.
In terms of employment, 1,394,968 jobs in Spain depended on foreign investment at the end of 2017, 28,165 of them in Asturias.
By autonomous communities, the distribution of the FDI stock is concentrated in 89.5% in four of them: Madrid (68.1%), Catalonia (13%), Basque Country (4.3%) and Asturias (4.1%), although the so-called “headquarters effect” tends to overestimate the locations in the major economic poles.
By sectors in FDI total stock, Energy, Metals and Maufacturing of other Materials, Real Estate, Building and Infrastructures and Retail and Wholesale are leading the list.
The stock of FDI is an indicator that shows the longest lasting confidence of investors in the local economy and its companies. It is a “photograph” of companies that are installed in a territory. It adds up everything invested except divestments and amortizations.