THE ENERGY SECTOR IN ASTURIAS

The clear industrial nature of Asturias is closely linked to the energy-industry
binomial. One of the reasons it has developed a competitive

heavy industry has been its ability to rely upon its energy supply to undertake iron and steel industry activities and to transform materials such as aluminium, steel, zinc and glass.

industry in Asturias

The relevance of industry in Asturias, in particular the metal sector, capital goods manufacturing, naval goods, electrical components and facilities, etc.), is heavily connected to the manufacturing skills required to construct large facilities from the petroleum and gas sector, marine wind power energy, thermo-electrical generation, etc.

The energy production in 2018 represented 5.94% of the regional gross value added, constituting the second branch of the industrial sector after steel and iron industry activity.

Taking advantage of business opportunities deriving from the development and implementation of large energy facilities on a world scale.

1

Asturias is a benchmark in the field of electrical energy within the Peninsular System, with 4.5% of installed power in 2015, 4% of the demand and 6.3 % of net generation, with a clear electro-intensive profile.

2

Nationally, the average consumption per capita is around 6 MWh/year, whilst in Asturias that parameter reaches values of 10 MWh/year.

3

The clear predominance of coal in the structure of primary energy consumption (over 60 % as a result of the high rate of thermo-electrical generation and the iron and steel industry application of coke).

4

Reliable and flexible transportation network, essential for meeting the high surges of electrical consumption as well as the high density of generator facilities.

5

Final energy consumption In asturias by sector 2016:

13.9% Residential, Services y Primary

17.3% Transport

68.9% Industry

features of the sector

ENERGY CONSUMPTION

The primary energy consumption structure in Asturias is vastly different to the national structure. Coal is the most demanded energy source in Asturias, with a total weighting of 64 % in 2017. The region is characterised by its industry of exploitation, transformation and end use of coal.

CONSUMPTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY IN ASTURIAS 2017

In terms of final regional energy consumption in 2017, a year-on-year increase of 2.9% occurred, with the most demanded final energies being coal and its derivatives.

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN ASTURIAS 2016

Considering final energy consumption by the industry sectors in 2017, this parameter increased with a year-on-year rate of 2.9%, concentrated within energy-intensive industry sectors.

FINAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY SECTOR IN INDUSTRIES IN ASTURIAS 2017

ENERGY PRODUCTION

Regional primary energy production throughout 2017 underwent a decrease compared to the previous year, reaching a value of 829 ktoe, with a variation of -2.8% compared to 2016.

PRODUCTION OF PRIMARY ENERGY IN ASTURIAS 2017

In terms of electricity generations, Asturias has major productive capacity: 1,293 ktoe in 2017, equivalent to 15,034 GWh. The electrical production from renewable sources fell, with a variation of -22.0% compared to 2016, due to the reduction in hydraulic-sourced production, with a variation on the previous year of -50.1%.

ELECTRICITY GENERATION (GWh) IN ASTURIAS 2017

Source: Energy in Asturias 2017, FAEN

education

The University of Oviedo offers new degrees adapted to the European Area for higher education with qualification that cover most areas of knowledge. Some 30 % of its more than 22,000 registered students are following technical courses.

The Cluster of Energy, the Environment and Climate Change at the University of Oviedo drive forward R&D&i in fields such as clean energy (generation, transport and storage) and energy efficiency.

The following Degrees from the University of Oviedo related to the energy sector are noteworthy:

  • Erasmus Mundus Master’s Degree in Sustainable Transport and Electrical Power Systems
  • Master in Conversion of Electric Power and Power Systems
  • Master’s Degree in Energy Engineering

Approved Vocational Training with 17,000 registered students, more than the 35 % in technical degrees, completes the technical qualification of the Asturian workforce, combining theoretical training with work experience in companies.

innovation & technology

technology centres, r&d&i institutions, clusters

Did you know that Asturias
produces surplus energy? Asturias is a
purely exporting region for electrical
energy, exporting 37% of its net power
generation in 2015.

Did you know that the IDEPA has
published a regional call for financial aid
for R&D projects in international
cooperation in the field of ocean energy?
It is an initiative set within the framework
of the Oceanera-Net network.

renewable energies in Asturias

Asturias positions itself within the direction taken by Europe with the aim of achieving savings and energy efficiency objectives.

The regional energy strategy takes into account the promotion of renewable energies and the development of activities in the field of savings and energy efficiency.

The regional primary production in 2016 was characterized by an increase in the share of renewable energy, an increase of 18.5% compared to the previous year.

HYDRAULIC

The Principality of Asturias has 40 hydraulic facilities with an installed capacity of 777.9 MW. Hydraulic-sourced electrical energy production in 2017 fell by 50.1% compared to the previous year.

WIND POWER

The region has 19 wind farms with an installed capacity of 518.5 MW. Wind-sourced electrical energy production in 2017 increased by 2.9% compared to the previous year. Asturias has strong capacities for manufacturing key components for the wind turbine industry.

MARINE WIND POWER AND OCEAN ENERGY POWER

The regional government has included marine renewable energies in its regional Intelligent specialisation strategy (RIS3), showing its clear backing for using waves as an energy resource associated with the region’s favourable support for the development of this activity.
Numerous companies in Asturias already provide services and products in the supply chain of renewable marine energies, developing research activity, development and innovation, as well as component manufacturing activities, mainly in the sphere of offshore energy.

BIOMASS

Regarding facilities that generate electricity from biomass, the power of the stations in the region increased in 2017 thanks to the launch of the Biogastur plant, with a power of 4,275 MW. This industrial plant produces electrical energy and fertilisers using the biogas generated from cow slurry and other livestock farming-sourced waste.

SOLAR

The installed solar photovoltaic capacity increased in 2017 by 1.5% over the previous year, reaching 1,080.45 kWp. In terms of thermal solar facilities, at the end of 2017 there were 37,837 m2 of thermal solar collectors installed, registering an increase of 1.4% compared to 2016.

unique infrastructures

University de Oviedo

The University of Oviedo provides companies with collaborative
mechanism in order to develop R&D&I projects in their specific
fields of energy. It has different departments which collaborate with
Technological Centres and companies, participating in European
projects and networks from the international sphere.

INCAR. OVIEDO NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF COAL, SCIENTIFIC
RESEARCH CENTRE

It has the ideal infrastructure for graphene synthesis using top-down technology and chemical techniques from graphite, with the aim of its application in various areas such as energy storage.

INCAR has developed technology based on the capture of CO2 based on carbonation cycles, being tested on a pilot level at the fluidized bed plant in Pereda, generating 1.7 MW of power.

Supporting infrastructure for offshore industry

The Asturian Energy foundation, FAEN, has developed the study of the current and potential Capacities of Offshore industry in Asturias. The following Asturias-based infrastructures are particularly noteworthy:

  • There are up to 18 maritime ports in the region capable of being base
    ports for operational and maintenance work for offshore plants.
  • The Port of Gijón, the national leader in the transport of solid bulk, and the Port of Avilés are strategically located (at just some 40 hours from the North Sea) and are capable of housing manufacturing operations, assembly and the supply of components and equipment. They also have infrastructures to  facilitate operations such as the transportation of towers for wind turbines or the unloading of offshore platforms to marine wind power parks.
  • The Asturias Area of Logistical and Industrial Activities (ZALIA). Industrial land of Public Advocacy near the Ports of Gijón and Avilés.
  • Maritime Rescue and Safety Agency-Joviellanos Integral Maritime Safety Centre. It has facilities specialising in the practice of maritime security, survival, the fight against pollution, and rescue in diverse scenarios of working at height and in confined spaces as well as training in fire fighting and in structures as well as in fires in petrochemical plants.
  • Company Support. The marked presence in Asturias of companies
    belonging to the metal, energy and naval sector weaves an industrial fabric with experience and material and human capacities to contribute solutions to the supply chain of marine energy on a worldwide level.

succes stories

The pulp mill in Navia in Asturias is the mill with the largest production
capacity belonging to the ENCE group and the most efficient pulp mill on
the European eucalyptus market.

The mill production capacity is 500,000 tonnes/year of high quality ECF eucalyptus pulp. ENCE Navia has the largest biomass generation plant in Spain.

ENCE

Leader in sectors such as renewable energy and boiler-making, the
company has been conceded important international contracts in the marine wind power business. The Windar Renovables group company that manufactures wind towers for wind turbines and offshore establishments is participating in the largest offshore energy project ever awarded to Spain, allocated to the marine wind power park in the Baltic Sea.

Leading business Group in engineering, construction, assembly and implementation of electrical power plants with open cycle and combined cycle technologies, cogeneration, wind power parks, thermo-solar and
photovoltaic power plants, hydraulic and biomass plants. The company has
constructed some of the largest photovoltaic and thermo-solar power plants in the world in countries such as Spain, the USA, France, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Morocco, Egypt and South Africa.

Saint-Gobain has an industrial centre in Asturias, where it develops glass for construction (Saint-Gobain Glass) and glass for automotive purposes (Saint-Gobain Sekurit).

The company has a Research Centre in Asturias (Aviles R&D Centre) which has worked on projects such as the development of glass for solar energy and highly innovative glass fusion procedures.